Aid to less economically developed countries comes in a varietyof forms (arguably some are more helpful than others). Aid provides disaster relief as well as being part of longer-term development strategies. You can find more information about different types of aid in the teaching resources recommended below.
You could also approach this topic by looking at finance and debt. The majority of aid must be paid back with interest by the recipient countries, a system that has contributed to the difficulties faced by many less economically developed countries.
During and after an emergency, when aid and relief are in the news, pupils may well ask questions. This is a good opportunity to introduce the topic. If pupils are fundraising for international development organisations, then make sure they understand the process fully by using this useful guide to fundraising for schools.
The following links and articles provide useful background information to help you explore the issues of aid and relief:
RGS: Ask the Expert: Gemma Hay, South Sudan Royal Geographical Society interview with an aid worker in South Sudan
RGS: Ask the Expert : Nigel Woof, MapAction Royal Geographical Society interview exploring the use of GIS to distribute information about disaster-stricken areas.
Guardian: Aid | Global Development Aid-related articles on the Guardian global development pages
Useful teaching resources about aid and relief:
Oxfam: Explore Overseas Aid Presentation and activities for secondary pupils
CAFOD: Factsheets on Aid, Debt and Emergencies Easy-to-read explanations for secondary pupils
British Red Cross: Somewhere to run to Key Stage 2 interactive resource building an emergency camp (£4.50)
GA: Water Water Everywhere Year 5 unit exploring the effects of Hurricane Katrina and the 2004 Tsunami
UN: Stop Disasters Online simulation game for ages 9–16 from UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Islamic Relief: Building Lives Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 guide exploring the work of faith-based aid agencies
Young Shelterbox Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 challenges around building shelters and dealing with disasters
Oxfam: Dealing with Disasters Key Stage 3 activities about why disasters happen, and what we can do to help
For further teaching resources, browse through the following searches:
We welcome suggestions for useful articles and teaching resources on the topic of Aid and relief. Please email them to email@example.com.